“In The Name of Allah The Most Beneficient and The Merciful”
“Sallallaahu ‘Ala Muhammad Sallallaahu Alayhe Wasallam”
The Kalimas are the essence of Islam. A true Muslim is one who is completely aware of the meaning of the Kalimah, proclaims it with sincerity and devotion, and acts and lives in accordance to its requirements.
The Kalimahs came into existence to facilitate the easy memorising and learning of Aqeedah (beliefs). It has no Shar’ee compulsion as far as its memorising is concerned. When they came into existence is not known.
A true Muslim is someone who is completely aware of the meaning of the Kalima, proclaims it with sincerity and devotion, and acts and lives in accordance to its requirements.
Kalima-e-Tayyabah (Word of Purity)
Pronunciation: Laaa Ilaaha Illa-llaahu Muhammadur-Rasoolu-llaah
Translation: There is none worthy of worship except Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.
Kalima-e-Shahaadat (Word of Testimony)
Pronunciation: Ash-hadu Al-laaa Ilaaha Illa-llaahu Wahdahoo Laa Shareeka Lahoo Wa-Ash-hadu Anna Muhammadan ‘Abduhoo Wa Rasooluhu.
Translation: I bear witness that none is worthy of worship but Allah, the One alone, without partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger.
Kalima-e-Tamjeed (Word of Glorification)
Pronunciation: Subhaana-llaahi Walhamdu Lillaahi Walaaa Ilaaha Illa-llaahu Wallaahu Akbar. Walaa Hawla Walaa Quwwata Illaa Billaahi-l ‘Aliyyil ‘Azeem.
Translation: Glory be to Allah and praise to Allah and there is none worthy of worship but Allah, and Allah is the Greatest. And there is no might or power except with Allah, the Exalted, the Great One.
Kalima-e-Tauhid (Word of Unification)
Pronunciation: Laaa Ilaaha Illa-llaahu Wahdahoo Laa Shareeka-lahoo Lahu-l Mulku Walahu-l Hamdu Yuhyee Wayumeetu Wahuwa Hayyu-l Laa Yamootu Abadan Abada. Dhu-l Jalaali Wal Ikraam. Biyadihil Khair. Wahuwa Alaa Kulli Shai-‘in Qadeer.
Translation: There is none worthy of worship except Allah. He is alone and has no partner. To Him belongs the Kingdom and for Him is all praise. He gives life and causes death. In His hand is all good and He has power over everything.
Kalima-e-Astaghfar (Word of Penitence)
Pronunciation: Astaghfiru-llaaha Rabbi Min Kulli Dhambin Adhnabtuhoo ‘Amadan Aw Khata-an Sirran Aw ‘Alaaniyata-wn Wa-atoobu Ilaihi Min-adh Dhambi-l Ladhee A’lamu Wamina-dh Dhambi-l Ladhi Laaa A’lamu Innaka Anta ‘Allaamu-l Ghuyoobi Wasattaaru-l ‘Uyoobi Wa Ghaffaaru-dh Dhunubi Walaa Hawla Walaa Quwwata Illaa Billaahi-l ‘Aliyyil ‘Azeem.
Translation: I seek forgiveness from Allah, who is my Creator and Cheriser, from every sin I committed knowingly or unknowingly, secretly or openly. I also seek His forgiveness for all sins which I am aware of or am not aware of. Certainly You (O Allah!), are the Knower of the hidden and the Concealer of mistakes and the Forgiver of sins. And there is no power and no strength except with Allah, the Most High, the Most Great.
Kalima-e-Rud-e-Kuffr (Word of Rejection of Disbelief)
Pronunciation: Allaa-humma Inneee A’udhu-bika Min An Ushrika Bika Shay-awn Wa-ana A’lamu Bihee Wa-astaghfiruka Limaa Laaa A’lamu Bihee Tubtu ‘Anhu Wata-barraatu Mina-l Kufri Wash-shirki Wal-kidhbi Wal-gheebati Wal-bid’ati Wan-nameemati Wal-fawahishi Wal-buhtaani Wal-m’aasi Kulli-haa Wa-Aslamtu Wa-aqoolu Laaa Ilaaha Illa-llaahu Muhammadu-r Rasoolu-llah.
Translation: O Allah! Certainly I seek protection with You from, that I associate partner with You anything and I know it. And I seek forgiveness from You for that I do not know it. I repended from it and I made myself free from disbelief and polytheism and the falsehood and the back-biting and the innovation and the tell-tales and the bad deeds and the blame and the disobedience, all of them. And I submit and I say (there is) none worthy of worship except Allah, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.
Faith in the Unity of God
As mentioned previously, Muslims believe in the absolute unity of God (Allah). The essence of Islam is expressed in the phrase “La ilaha illa Allah” meaning “There is no deity but Allah”.
“And your God is One God; there is no god but He, Most Gracious, Most Merciful”
This statement of faith distinguishes a Muslim from an unbeliever, a polytheist (the believe of more than one God), or an atheist (the belief that God does not exist). A Muslim is one who grasps the full meaning of this phrase, realizes its significance, reposes true belief in it, and accepts and follows it in action and spirit. Belief in the Unity of God means that there is no being worthy of worship except Him, that it is only to Him that heads should bow in submission and adoration, that He alone possesses all powers, that all are in need of His favour, and that all must seek His help and mercy. This belief is the bedrock of Islam; all other beliefs, commands, and laws of Islam stand firm on this foundation.
Faith in Allah’s Angels
Angels are also Allah’s creatures, spiritual beings that are under His command. They administer Allah’s kingdom, carrying out His orders obediently. They have no free-will or ability to disobey; it is their very nature to be Allah’s faithful servants. These angels surround us, and their duties include recording man’s deeds in this life, which will be presented on the Day of Judgement.
Faith in Allah’s Prophets
Allah is transcendent and beyond all physical limitations of man, so through the medium of an angel, Allah causes His command to be revealed to His human messengers and thus to mankind. The purpose of our life on this earth is to worship Allah and obey His commands. Through His Grace and Benevolence, Allah sent prophets and messengers to every nation, in order to communicate with and guide mankind to the right path.
The prophets who were sent to mankind include (among others) Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Ishmael, Moses, David, Jesus, and finally, Muhammad (peace be upon all of Allah’s prophets). These (and many other) chosen men all came with the same message: Islam. That is, they taught of faith in One Almighty God, faith in the Day of Judgment, faith in the Prophets and the Books, and asked people consequently to live a life of obedience and submission to their Lord. This is the definition of a Muslim.
“Abraham was not a Jew nor yet a Christian; but he was upright, and bowed his
will to Allah’s (which is Islam).And he joined not gods with Allah”
(Qur’an, Ali Imran:67).
Some of these prophets brought revealed books (see below). They were all men guided by Allah to teach mankind and guide them on the straight path. Muslims believe in them all and make no distinction between them.
“Say:’We believe in Allah, and in what has been revealed to us and what was
revealed toAbraham, Ishmael,Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes, and in the Books
given to Moses, Jesus, and the Prophets, from their Lord; wemake no distinction
between one and another among them, and to Allah do we bow our will in
Islam” (Qur’an, Ali Imran:84).
Muslims believe that the final prophet, Muhammad, came to invite people back to the true teachings of the previous prophets, and to bring to mankind a final and all-encompassing guidance: the Qur’an. The Qur’an remains in its complete and unadulterated form; there is therefore no need for any more prophets to come. Allah’s message is complete.
Faith in Allah’s Revealed Books
Muslims believe in books that Allah has sent down to mankind through His prophets. These books include the Books of Abraham, the Torah of Moses, the Psalms of David, and the Gospel of Jesus Christ. These books all had the same source (Allah), the same message, and all were revealed in truth.This does not mean that they have been preserved in truth.Muslims (and many other Jewish and Christian scholars and historians) find that the books in existence today are not the original scriptures, which in fact have been lost, changed, and/or translated over and over again, losing the original message.
“They change the words from their right places and forget a good part of the
Message that was sent them…” (Qur’an, Al- Maidah:13).
Reading these books today, we have no way of knowing what portion was revealed by Allah, and what was recorded and changed by man.
Muslims believe that Allah sent a final revelation, the Qur’an, through the final Prophet of Allah, Muhammad (peace be upon him and all of Allah’s messengers).
“None of Our revelations do We abrogate or cause to be forgotten, but We
substitute something better or similar…” (Qur’an, Al-Baqarah:106).
The sending of this divine Book is not a new and strange event; but only to confirm, restate, and complete those divine instructions which people had mutilated or lost in antiquity.
“To thee (Muhammad) We sent the Scripture in truth, confirming the scripture that
came before it,and guarding it in safety…” (Qur’an, Al-Maidah:48).
The Qur’an is addressed to all of humanity. It seeks to guide mankind in all walks of life; spiritual, temporal, individual and collective. It contains directions for the conduct of life, relates stories and parables, describes the attributes of Allah, and speaks of the best rules to govern social life. It has directions for everybody, every place, and for all time. The Qur’an was revealed and preserved in the Arabic language. While translations into other languages may differ in word choice, the original Arabic script has been uncorrupted and unchanged since its revelation in the 7th century.
Belief in qadar (We believe everything in this world happens by the will of Allaah, whether it is good or bad)
The true Muslim believes in the timeless knowledge of God and in His power to plan and execute His plans. God is not indifferent to this world nor is He neutral to it. His knowledge and power are in action at all times to keep order in His vast domain and maintain full command over His creation. He is Wise and Loving, and whatever He does must have a good motive and meaningful purpose. If this is established in our minds, we should accept with good Faith all that He does, although we may fail to understand it fully, or even think it is bad. We should have strong Faith in Him and accept whatever He does because our knowledge is limited and our thinking is based on individual or personal considerations, whereas His knowledge is limitless and He plans on a universal basis.
Belief in the Last Day and resurrection after death
Muslims believe that this world will come to an end on a day Allah has appointed.
“Every soul shall have a taste of death; and only on the Day of Judgment shall you
be paid your full recompense…” (Qur’an, Ali Imran:185).
Everything will be demolished, and all of the human beings who had lived in this world will then be restored to life and will be presented before Allah.
The entire record of every man and woman – of all their deeds and misdeeds – will be presented before Allah for final judgment.
One who excels in goodness will, by the Mercy of Allah, receive a goodly reward; one whose wrongs overweigh his good deeds will be punished.
It is neither faith nor just to treat everyone equally.
“Is then the man who believes no better than the man who is rebellious and wicked?
Not equal are they” (Qur’an, As-Sajda:18).
Allah on that day will judge with Justice, and every soul will receive what it has earned. While unsure of their fate in the Hereafter, Muslims are confident of the Mercy and Justice of Allah.
“Say: ‘Oh My servants who have transgressed against their own souls!
Despair not of the Mercy of Allah, for Allah forgives all sins, for He is Oft-Forgiving,
Most Merciful.” (Qur’an, Az-Zumar:53).
Those who emerge successfully from Judgment will go to eternal Paradise; those who are condemned and deserve punishment will be sent to Hell. Allah is the perfect and fair Judge.
In Islam, faith and good works go hand-in-hand. A mere verbal declaration of faith is not enough, for belief in Allah makes obedience to Him a duty. Only when your practice is consistent with your profession will you be a true Muslim. Faith in Allah will be your strength, and the Qur’an your guide.
The Muslim concept of worship is very broad. Muslims consider everything they do in this life according to Allah’s will, an act of worship. Speaking the truth, refraining from gossip, dealing honestly in commercial affairs, treating one’s parents with respect and honor, helping the poor and needy, dealing lovingly and fairly with family members – whatever is done for the sake of Allah is called FIve Pillars of Islam.